Copper is introduced into the environment through both natural and anthropogenic activities. Anthropogenic sources of copper in the environment are copper mining activities, metal and electrical manufacturing, agricultural and domestic use of pesticides and fungicides, leather processing, and automotive brake pads. Natural sources of copper pollution are volcanic eruptions, windblown dust, and forest fires.
U.S. EPA recommended water quality criteria: [vi]
|Freshwater – Aquatic Organisms (Dissolved Concentration*)||Saltwater– Aquatic Organisms||Human Health for the consumption of|
|Varies depending on in-stream characteristics, including temperature, pH and alkalinity.||Acute (µg/L)||Chronic (µg/L)||Water + Organism (µg/L)||Organism Only (µg/L)|